Vladimir V. Lupashin
Ph.D., Russian Academy of Sciences
Office: (501) 603-1170
Lab: (501) 603-1171
Our laboratory is interested in understanding the molecular mechanisms responsible for the generation and maintenance of intra-cellular membrane-bounded compartments in secretory/endocytic pathways in human cells. In all eukaryotic cells intracellular membrane trafficking is critical for a range of essential cellular functions including protein secretion, post-translational modifications, cell signaling, cell polarization, and cell maintenance. Defects in membrane trafficking can underlie, or exacerbate, a number of human diseases including cancer, diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer’s, cystic fibrosis, Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome and Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation.
Our research is directed towards the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of intracellular membrane trafficking in health and disease conditions using both mammalian tissue culture and yeast model systems. Our lab has played a principal role in the discovery of novel vesicle tethering factors, and published more than 60 original papers in high-profile journals including; Journal of Cell Biology, PNAS, Journal of Neuroscience, Molecular Biology of Cell, Scientific Reports, Nature Communications and Nature Optics. Additionally, our research has been continuously supported by grants from both NSF and NIH for over a decade.
We have pioneered the functional analysis of the Conserved Oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex, an evolutionarily conserved protein complex of eight gene products, each of which is critical for the membrane trafficking and protein modifications in the Golgi apparatus. The COG complex interacts with core fusion machinery components including SNAREs, SM proteins, Rabs, coiled-coil tethers and COPI coat to organize specific docking and fusion of transport intermediates with their acceptor membrane. By using state of the art biochemical (in vitro reconstitution), genetic (CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing) and microscopy (superresolution fluorescent, live cell and electron microscopy) approaches, we would like to further determine how the key components of intracellular membrane trafficking machinery work together to direct efficient protein trafficking in human cells.
Willett R., Bailey Blackburn J., Climer L., Pokrovskaya I., Kudlyk T., Wang W., Lupashin V.V. COG lobe B sub-complex engages v-SNARE GS15 and functions via regulated interaction with lobe A sub-complex. Scientific Reports 2016; 6; 29139
Bailey Blackburn J., Pokrovskaya I.D., Fisher P., Ungar D., Lupashin V.V. COG Complex Complexities: Detailed characterization of a complete set of HEK293T cells missing individual COG subunits. Front. Cell. Dev. Biol. 2016; 4:23
Siegel N., Lupashin V., Storrie B., Brooker G. High-magnification super-resolution FINCH microscopy using birefringent crystal lens interferometers. Nature Photonics 2016; 10 (12), 802-808
Li Y., Hadden C., Cooper A., Wu H., Lupashin V.V., Mayeux F., Kilic F. Sepsis-induced elevation in plasma serotonin facilitates endothelial hyperpermeability. Scientific Reports 2016; 6; 22747
Climer L.K., Dobretsov M., and Lupashin V. Defects in the COG complex and COG-related trafficking regulators affect neuronal Golgi function. Front Neurosci 2015; 9, 405.
Ha J.Y., Pokrovskaya I.D., Climer L.K., Shimamura G.R., Kudlyk T., Jeffrey P.D., Lupashin V.V., Hughson F.M. Cog5-Cog7 crystal structure reveals interactions essential for the function of a multi-subunit tethering complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014;111(44): 15762-15767.
Zhang Y., Yeruva L., Marinov A., Prantner D., Danciu T., Wyrick ., Lupashin V., Nagarajan U.M. The DNA sensor, cyclic GMP-AMP synthase, is essential for induction of IFN beta during Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Journal of Immunology. 2014, 193(5):2394-2404
Nishimura T., Uchida Y., Yachi R., Kudlyk T., Lupashin V., Inoue T, Yasunori, Taguchi T., Arai H. Oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) is required for the perinuclear localization of intra-Golgi v-SNAREs. Molecular Biology of the Cell 2013, 24(22):3534-3544
Willett R., Ungar D., Lupashin V.V. The Golgi puppet master – COG complex at center stage of membrane trafficking interactions. Histochemistry and Cell Biology 2013, 140(3):271-283
Willett R., Kudlyk T., Pokrovskaya I., Schonherr, R., Ungar D., Duden R., Lupashin V.V. COG complexes form spatial landmarks for distinct SNARE complexes. Nature Communications 2013, 4:1553
Miller V., Sharma P., Kudlyk T., Frost L., Rofe A., Watson I., Duden R., Lowe M., Lupashin V.V., Ungar D. Molecular Insights into Vesicle Tethering at the Golgi by the Conserved Oligomeric Golgi (COG) Complex and the Golgin TATA Element Modulatory Factor (TMF). Journal of Biological Chemistry 2013, 288(6):4229-4240
Kudlyk T., Willett R., Pokrovskaya I., Lupashin V.V . COG6 interacts with a subset of the Golgi SNAREs and is important for the Golgi complex integrity. Traffic 2013;14(2):194-204
Pokrovskaya ID, Szwedo JW, Goodwin A, Lupashina TV, Nagarajan UM, Lupashin VV. Chlamydia trachomatis hijacks intra-Golgi COG complex-dependent vesicle trafficking pathway. Cell Microbiol 2012;14(5):656-668.
Gokhale A, Larimore J, Werner E, So L, Moreno-De-Luca A, Lese-Martin C, Lupashin VV, Smith Y, Faundez V. Quantitative Proteomic and Genetic Analyses of the Schizophrenia Susceptibility Factor Dysbindin Identify Novel Roles of the Biogenesis of Lysosome-Related Organelles Complex 1. J Neurosci 2012;32(11):3697-3711.